Schengen Visa

Schengen Visa: Everything You Need to Know

Are you planning a trip to Europe? Then you must have stumbled upon the term “Schengen Visa” during your research. It is an official document that is mandatory for some travelers who are not European to travel to all the 26 countries freely. There are many types of such visas, but the most common is the short-stay visa.

Moreover, there are plenty of details that you must know about the Schengen Visa. Travelers often find it difficult to have all the authentic information in a single place. Therefore, to make it easier for you, we have answered the most important questions about the visa.

Read this write-up until the end to know detailed information about the visa, who needs it, application requirements, types of visas, and a lot more.

 Schengen Visa Application Form  ⇨ Click Here

What is Schengen Visa and how does it work?

It is also referred to as the Europe Visa, enables the eligible people to travel within the 26 participating countries of the Schengen Area. The travelers having this Visa will not have to go through the border checks at the Internal Schengen Borders.

Moreover, the borders check is performed for the travelers who cross external borders that are the borders between Schengen and Non-Schengen states.

Who is eligible for the unrestricted travel in the Schengen Area?

  • People who have a residence permit which is issued by a Schengen Country
  • Citizen of the Schengen country.
  • EU/EEA citizens 
  • Non-EU individuals from the eligible countries don’t need to obtain the visa to travel for 90 days or less. 
  • Non-EU individuals with a valid visa.

Must keep these facts in mind:

  • The travelers may not need the European Visa, but they must have a valid passport to visit any Schengen country. 
  • If someone lives in a non-EU country, then they will be required to have a stamp on their passports. 

What are the Schengen Countries?

The Schengen countries comprise of the Twenty-two EU Schengen countries and four non-EU countries that as mentioned below:- 

EU Schengen Countries

  • Austria
  • Czech Republic
  • Belgium
  • Estonia
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Finland
  • Greece
  • Germany
  • Italy 
  • Hungry
  • Lithuania
  • Latvia
  • Luxembourg
  • Netherlands
  • Malta
  • Portugal
  • Poland
  • Spain
  • Slovakia
  • Sweden
  • Slovenia

Non-EU Schengen Countries 

  • Liechtenstein 
  • Iceland
  • Switzerland
  • Norway

Who needs a Schengen Visa?

The tourists must ensure whether they need the visa to travel across the countries freely or not. Therefore, the visa requirements are based on the residency or citizenship of the traveler.

Countries where Schengen Visa is required

All the citizens of the mentioned countries are needed to have the visa to cross the external Schengen borders: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Maldives, Thailand… Check out the full list here!

How to Apply for The Visa

In this section of the blog, we are going to mention when, where, and how to apply for the visa:-

When to Apply

It is mandatory to submit the Visa application at least 15 days before the start date of your trip. 

However, we suggest you apply for the visa 30-60 days before your trip because the consulate can ask you for additional documentation. Moreover, they can also take more time to examine your visa application. 

In addition to this, you cannot apply any earlier than three months before the trip. 

Where to Apply 

Contact the consular authorities of the Schengen that you want to visit to apply for the visa. In case if the country that you plan to visit doesn’t have a consulate or embassy, you will be required to address your application file to the local representatives of the respective country. 

Sometimes, the visa applications are processed by external service providers like TLS or VFS Global. They are authorized to receive the application files. 

Note: You require to apply for the embassy of the country where you are planning to stay for the longest period. If you plan to stay for the same amount of time in two Schengen Countries, you need to apply for the visa of the country you are visiting first. 

Application Requirements

The visa requirement may vary by the issuing country. To get the information for a specific Schengen destination, remember to visit its Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Immigration website. Moreover, you can also contact your designated consulate. 

General Application Requirements

Carefully go through the list of general Europe Visa application requirements given below:-

★ Completed and Signed visa application form. 

★ Passport:

      • Must have at least two empty pages
      • The passport must be valid for at about 3 months after the date you plan to leave the Schengen Area. 
      • It must be issued in the last ten years.

★ Two recent and colored photographs, meeting the ICAO requirements.

★ Fingerprints can be collected from the applicants who are not registered in VIS or Europe’s Visa Information System. 

★ Application or the service fee payment. 

★ Travel medical insurance meeting the visa Insurance requirements. 

★ The supporting documents that prove: 

      • Your means of subsistence
      • The purpose of your trip
      • Your intentions to return to go back to your residence country at the end of your trip.
      • The means of subsistence

Note: Requirements for children under 18 years of age:

  • Birth Certificate
  • Certified parental consent (in case you are planning to travel without parents or legal guardians)
  • Consent of the parental authority (if you are travelling with only one parent)

Insurance Requirements

According to the Visa Code, if you’re applying for a Schengen Visa, you must show valid medical insurance evidence. 

In addition to this, you can also do so by providing a single-page document specifying your insurance coverage period and the medical benefit amounts. 

Your application must meet the visa Requirements mentioned below:-

  • Coverage of minimum 30,000 Euros
  • Must be valid in all Schengen Countries
  • Coverage for the expenses that may arise due to the individual’s death
  • Coverage for the expenses that may arise due to urgent medical attention or emergency hospital treatment

Types of Schengen Visas

It allows you to await a flight connecting from a non-Schengen country to another in the international transit area of an airport located in the Schengen area. Moreover, this visa does not allow you to leave the airport or enter any Schengen region for any reason. 

3 Main Types of Short-Stay Europe Visas

  • Airport Transit Visa (Type A)

It allows you to await a flight connecting from a non-Schengen country to another in the international transition area of an airport located in Schengen area. Moreover, this visa does not allow you to leave the airport or enter any Schengen region for any reason. 

  • Transit Visa (Type B) 

It enables you to pass through the territory of Schengen states.    Therefore, you can go from one non-Schengen country to others via coach or car. 

  • Travel or Short-Stay Visa (Type C)

It is issued for purposes including sporting events, tourism, cultural events as well as visits with relatives. It allows you to visit Schengen Countries for up to 90 days within six months.    

Types of Schengen Visa Entry

  • Single Entry

The visa entry allows you to cross an external Schengen border if you want to enter the Schengen Area for once in 180 days. 

  • Double-Entry

The visa having a double-entry enables you to enter an external Schengen border to enter the Schengen Area twice in the time of 180 days.

  • Multi-Entry

A multi-entry visa allows you to cross the external Schengen border and enter the Schengen Area multiple times during the period for which your visa is valid. 

General Requirements for a Multi-Entry Schengen Visa

You will be qualified for a Multi-entry Schengen Visa only if you prove the following:

  • Your reliability and integrity. Particularly the lawful use of previous uniform visas with limited territorial validity. 
  • Your economic situation in the country you live in.
  • A genuine reason for leaving the territory of the Member States before the expiry of the visa. 
  • Justify the intention to travel regularly or frequently.

Note: the validity period of the visa depends on the issuing state’s regulations and your qualifications. 


In the above-mentioned piece of information, we mentioned all the necessary details you need to know regarding the visa. Therefore, after going through this write-up, now you know how to apply for a visa, the application, insurance requirements, types of  visas or Entries, and other essential details.

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